Chicano Tattoos

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Chicano tattoos are very meaningful tattoos and represent many different elements from family, neighborhood, culture, emotions and memories. Characteristics of the chicano tattoos are black and gray color, fine lines, detailed and soft shading. Chicano tattoos regularly incorporate realistic portraits, religious, cultural, gang symbols and lettering. Chicano tattoos were made famous in LA by Chicano street culture but most Chicano designs were created in prison. As a very influential tattoo style, chicano tattoos have helped develop and inspire many different tattooing styles from portraits and realism to black and gray tattoos. When done right, nothing blows more people away like the Chicano black and gray styled tattoo sleeves.

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Chicano Tattoo History

Sub cultures use symbols and tattoos to organize themselves into groups. Chicano tattoos are no different and the first chicano tattoos first showed up in the Pachuco gang in the 40’s. Mostly consisting of the Pachuco cross tattoo between the thumb and index finger. Script and portraits were also a predominate tattoo for chicanos.  But it was not until the 60’s until the chicano style first established itself as a definitive tattoo style with the cholos. The black and gray ink color was heavily used in chicano tattoos as this was the most accessible ink color in prison. The art of chicano tattoos was refined and developed further on the streets of LA during the 70’s and 80’s. The first chicano prison tattoos were made used using make shift tattoo machines and ink as tattooing was forbidden in prison. The streets of LA further developed chicano designs from the many different chicano mantras such as “Laugh now, cry later”.

Chicano Symbols

Religious chicano tattoos feature Jesus, virgin Mary, crosses, praying hands and the Pachuco cross. The Pachuco cross is a tattoo with three dots above a cross. The three dots mean mi vida loca (my crazy life) and the cross is a symbol of god. This tattoo is both religious and represents gang affiliation.

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Portraits and realism chicano tattoos include family, lost loved ones, girls, cars, low riders, clowns, guns, masks, celebrities and people from Spanish history.

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Laugh now, cry later tattoos. Often adopted for the meaning you keep smiling and cry inside. This tattoo which consists of two faces, one laughing and one crying are popular among gang affiliated chicanos, which represent strength and toughness. Clowns, masks or comedy masks can be used with or without the lettering “Laugh now, cry later” incorporated into the design. “Laugh now, cry later”, “Play now, pay later”, “Smile now, cry later” and “My happy life, my sad life” are all variations of the same concept.
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Lettering is often bold to create impact or a fine elegant script to add softness. Lettering Chicano tattoos represent neighborhoods, areas, family names and Spanish words. These lettering or words are used stand alone, behind portraits or incorporated into a grand design.

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The eagle is another commonly used symbol in chicano tattoos. The eagle is an Aztec symbol for warrior and also features on the Mexican flag. But can also represent freedom and other personal meanings.

Dia De Los Muertos or day of the dead is a time to celebrate the dead and remember those who were lost.

 

Sources:

  1. “Chicano Art” :History of terms
  2. Marked (2009– ) TV Series | 60 min | Documentary
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicano